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Teeyan Da Mela 2019
July 20, 2019 @ 2:00 pm - 7:00 pm| Free
The festival is celebrated during the monsoon season from the third day of the lunar month of Sawan on the bright half, up to the full moon of sawan, by women. Married women go to their maternal house to participate in the festivities. In the past, it was traditional for women to spend the whole month of Sawan with their parents.
Whether or not a married woman goes to her parents, brothers take a gift set to their sisters called a ‘sandhara’. A sandhara includes a Punjabi Suit/sari, laddoo, bangles, mehndi (henna) and a swing.
Gidha and swings
The festival of teeyan centres on girls and women getting together in the village green and tying swings to the trees. The festival gathers momentum in the teeyan Gidha.
Traditional bolyan which are sung to dance Gidha include:
ਓੁੱਚੇ ਟਾਹਣੇ ਪੀਂਘ ਪਾ ਦੇ
ਜਿਥੇ ਆਪ ਹੁਲਾਰਾ ਆਵੇ
Uchay tahne peeng pa de
jithey aap hulara aavey
Hang my swing from a high tree branch
where the swing moves by itself
The main focus of the teeyan is dancing Giddha. In the past, the festival would last for as long as the girls wishes ranging from a few days to four weeks. Girls would gather to dance Giddha every day. The festival would close by the women performing the closing dance called ‘bhallho’. Bhallo or ballo is performed by the women standing in two rows and dancing. This tradition of women getting together in villages has now become extinct.
In Rajasthan, Hindu women fast on the day of Teej as the festival is dedicated to Goddess Parvati. However, the festival in Punjab and Haryana is a cultural festival.